repo A place where the history of your work/code is stored
clone Copy a git repository so you can add to it
fork (GitHub) Create your own server side copy of someone else’s repo
commit A state of your project at a certain time
branch A different line of development. A branch is just a „label“ which points to a specific commit
master The default branch we develop in
origin The default upstream repo (Github)
HEAD The current branch
remote A repository stored on another computer

git init Create a repo from existing data
git clone <repo url> Clone a current repo (into a folder with same name as repo)
git clone <repo url> <folder name> Clone a repo into a specific folder name
git clone <repo url> . Clone a repo into current directory (should be an empty directory)
git remote add origin http://github.com/username/<repo name>.git Create a remote repo named origin pointing at your Github repo (after you’ve already created the
repo on Github) (used if you git init since the repo you created locally isn’t linked to a remote
repo yet)
git remote add origin git@github.com:username/<repo name>.git Create a remote repo named origin pointing at your Github repo (using SSH url instead of HTTP url)
git remote Show the names of the remote repositories you’ve set up
git remote -v Show the names and URLs of the remote repositories
git remote rm <remote name> Remove a remote repository

git status Show the files changed
git diff Show changes to files compared to last commit
git diff <filename> Show changes in single file compared to last commit
git diff <commit id > <commit id 2> Show changes between two different commits.
git log Show history of changes
git blame <filename> Show who changed each line of a file and when
git reset -hard Go back to the last commit (will not delete new unstaged files)
git revert HEAD Undo/revert last commit AND create a new commit
git revert <commit id> Undo/revert a specific commit AND create a new commit

git add -A Stage all files (new, modified, and deleted)
git add . Stage new and modified files (not deleted)
git add -u Stage modified and deleted files (not new)
git rm <filename> Remove a file and untrack it
git rm <filename> -cached Untrack a file only. It will still exist. Usually you will add this file to .gitignore after rm

git commit -m „message“ Commit the local changes that were staged
git commit -am „message“ Stage files (modified and deleted, not new) and commit
git stash Take the uncommitted work (modified tracked files and staged changes) and saves it
git stash list Show list of stashes
git stash apply Reapply the latest stashed contents
git stash apply <stash id> Reapply a specific stash. (stash id = stash@{2})
git stash drop <stash id> Drop a specific stash
git push Push your changes to the origin
git push origin <local branch name> Push a branch to the origin
git tag <tag name> Tag a version (ie v1.0). Useful for Github releases.

git fetch Get the latest changes from origin (don’t merge)
git pull Get the latest changes from origin AND merge
git checkout -b <new branch name> origin/<branch name> Get a remote branch from origin into a local branch (naming the branch and switching to it)

git branch Show all branches (local)
git branch -a Show all branches (local and remote)
git branch <branch name> Create a branch from HEAD
git checkout -b <branch name> Create a new branch and switch to it
git checkout <branch name> Switch to an already created branch
git push origin <branch name> Push a branch up to the origin (Github)
git checkout -b <new branch name> origin/<branch name> Get a remote branch from origin into a local branch (naming the branch and switching to it)
git push origin -delete <branch name> Delete a branch locally and remotely

git checkout master
git merge <branch name>
Merge a specific branch into the master branch.
git rebase <branch name> Take all the changes in one branch and replay them on another. Usually used in a feature branch.
Rebase the master to the feature branch so you are testing your feature on the latest main code
base. Then merge to the master.
git cherry-pick <commit id> Merge just one specific commit from another branch to your current branch.